The ‘Free Press’ is the Fourth Column supporting the Edifice of The Constitution of India, after the three Pillars of the Legislature, the Executive and the Judiciary which jointly uphold the Sovereignty of the Republic of India. Journalism is one of the important mass media communications which ensures the Freedom of the Press. Ever since the Indian National Congress Party was established more than 150 years ago for the deliverance of India from slavery and colonialism, educationists, lawyers and journalists were at the forefront of the Purna Swaraj Movement spearheaded by Annie Besant, Motilal Nehru and Mahatma Gandhi.
Independent newspapers such as Anand Bazaar Patrika, The Statesman, The Hindu and the Times of India had subjected the Government and the Politicians to fair and fearless criticism to maintain their integrity and probity at all times under the temptation of money, power and political ambitions. We can truthfully say that a Free Press has prevented anarchy and dictatorship in India, as distinct from the neighbouring ‘Supervised Democracies’. Hence, careers in Journalism are highly respected and honourable professions.
Eligibility, Entrance Exams and Courses:
There are no special rules of eligibility or entrance exams for candidates seeking admission in Graduate Degree courses in Journalism and Mass Media Communications in colleges all over India. Candidates are required to qualify in 10+2 in Arts & Humanities streams with good aggregate marks in order to secure a seat in the limited vacancies in reputed colleges. Some well known colleges may conduct their own entrance test to assess the candidate’s fluency in the English language and communication skills.
Top Colleges in Journalism & Mass Media Communications:
- Andhra University, Visakhapatnam (AP)-Phone: 0891-2575464- Govt College.
- Bhavan’s College of Communication & Management: Phone- 040-3237825 Hyderabad- Private College.
- Bharatiya Vidya Bhawan, New Delhi-Phone: 011-23382005. Private College.
- Delhi College of Arts and Commerce, New Delhi-Phone: 011-24109821.Private
- Indian Institute of Mass Communication, New Delhi-Phone: 011-26741268.
- Indraprastha College, New Delhi-Phone: 011-23976392. Private.
- Dr. B R Ambedkar Marathwada University, Aurangabad, Maharashtra. Phone: 0240-240043.Government College.
- Mumbai University, Mumbai. Government College.
- Nagpur University, Nagpur-Phone: 0712-2561347. Government College.
- Symbiosis Institute of Mass Communication, Pune. Phone: 020-26634511.
- University of Lucknow, Lucknow(UP)-Phone: 0522-2740490.Government
- Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh(UP). Government College.
- University of Calcutta, Kolkata-Phone: 033-22410071 Government College.
- Rabindra Bharati University, Kolkata(WB).Government College.
- Annamalai University, Chennai-(TN). Phone: 04144-238248. Government.
- Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai(TN)-Phone: 0452-2459166. Government
- Bangalore University,Bangalore(Kar)-Phone: 080-22961005. Government
- Indian Institute of Journalism and news Media,Bangalore-Phone: 080-5440164
- Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya, Indore(MP). Phone: 0731-2761041 Government
- Makhanlal Chaturvadi National University of Journalism, Bhopal-Phone: 0755-5294933. Government
- University of Rajasthan, Jaipur-Phone: 0141-2707863. Government
Career Opportunities and Job Prospects:
Journalism has made a good comeback after the economic liberalization and advent of satellite networks and new age print media. Leading newspaper groups such as Bennett Coleman, Times of India, Indian Express etc look forward to employing talented Graduates of Journalism and Mass Media Communications. Most lucrative careers are to be found in TV media and as Freelancers.
Cub Reporters and freshers may be offered a salary of about Rs 20,000/- pm. On gaining experience, they become independent columnists, newsreaders on TV and broadcasters with fabulous salaries which are not openly publicized.